Aqua (Water/Eau)*, Isohexadecane, Butylene Glycol13, Cyclopentasiloxane8, Cyclohexasiloxane, Sodium Chloride1, Furctooligosaccharides, Caprylyl/Capryl Glucoside10, Dipotassium Phosphate, Propylene Glycol2, Glycerin6, Aminoethane Sulfonic Acid, Carnosine11, Peumus Boldus Leaf Extract4, Algae14 Extract, Disodium Adenosine15 Triphosphate, Pentylene Glycol5, 1-2 Henaxediol, Caprylyl Glycol12, Potassium Phosphate3, Copper Gluconate9, Xanthan Gum, Disodium Edta7, Phenoxyethanol.
* Cellular Water.
|Ingredient||What it does|
|1sodium chloride||salt; used in exfoliators or as a thickener/stabilizer in a formula|
|2propylene glycol||solvent; humectant; gives a product "slip"; helps "carry" other ingredients into the skin; also enhances the efficacy of preservatives|
|3potassium phosphate||buffering agent & pH adjuster|
|4Peumus Boldus Leaf Extract||fragrance masking|
|5pentylene glycol||synthetic humectant moisturizer; also a solvent & anti-microbial preservative|
|6Glycerin||A humectant moisturizer; usually used as a base in (light) moisturizers|
|7disodium EDTA||preservative & product stabilizer; helps the topical penetration of active ingredients; chelating agent|
|8Cyclopentasiloxane||Silicone; makes stuff easily spreadable; used as a conditioner, delivery agent, lubricant & solvent. Helps deliver other, heavier, silicones also in a product (like dimethicone)|
|9copper gluconate||skin-conditioning and protecting antioxidant|
|10Caprylyl/Capryl Glucoside||Functions in skincare and cosmetics as a cleansing, foaming, cleansing surfactant ingredient|
|12caprylyl glycol||An alcohol, derived from a plant which is used as an emollient and coconut derived preservative.|
|13butylene glycol||solvent; penetration enhancer; humectant moisturizer; in cleansing creams it dissolves dirt, avoids the product from drying too quickly during the removal stage & helps formulas spread better|
|14algae||marine compounds are emollient antioxidants; some claim to brighten skin; some are simply skin conditioners, known to be highly comedogenic, thickeners/emulsifiers in a product|