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ginkgo biloba extract

Research shows this potent antioxidant helps improve blood flow. It is often used in anti-cellulite products because of its relation to circulation. However, there is no research showing that improved circulation affects cellulite.

Applied topically, ginkgo leaf is a good antioxidant due to it being a rich source of flavonoids. These work to prevent cell membrane peroxidation, which is a source of damage that can lead to increased signs of inflammation and aging. This plant extract also has some antibacterial and antifungal effects.

Other research has shown that ginkgo leaf can help protect skin from redness and inflammation during exposure to UVA/UVB light in a lab setting. Ginkgo leaf also seems capable of increasing skin’s moisture content and reducing factors in skin that lead to inflammation.

Ginkgo includes flavonos such as kaempferol, quercetin, and isorhamnetin; Flavones, including luteolin and tricetin; Biflavones, mainly bilobetin, ginkgetin, isoginkgetin and sciadopitysin, catechins, proanthocyanidins; Sterols and 6-hydroxykynurenic acid.

Sources
Medical Hypotheses, March 2006, pages 1152–1156
Journal of Burn Care and Rehabilitation, November–December 2005, pages 515–524
Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis, February 2005, pages 287–295
Planta Medica, November 2004, pages 1052–1057
Phytotherapy Research, December 2011, pages 1,854-1,860
International Journal of Cosmetic Science, April 2010, pages 99-106
Planta Medica, Volume 68, Issue 4, April 2002, pages 316-321

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