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melissa extract

Extract derived from a fragrant plant; it poses some risk of skin irritation. It also has some reported antiviral properties (Source: Phytomedicine, 1999, volume 6, pages 225–230). Claims that it can help heal wounds are not substantiated.

A plant extract that’s known to be irritating, although it also provides antioxidant benefits (Source: www.naturaldatabase.com).

The crushed leaves, when rubbed on the skin, are used as a mosquito repellent.
Used in creams to treat cold sores (oral herpes).

Its antibacterial properties have also been demonstrated scientifically, although they are markedly weaker than those from a number of other plants studied. The extract of lemon balm was also found to have exceptionally high antioxidant activity.

Lemon balm contains eugenol, tannins, and terpenes. Melissa officinalis also contains 1-octen-3-ol, 10-alpha-cadinol, 3-octanol, 3-octanone, alpha-cubebene, alpha-humulene, beta-bourbonene, caffeic acid, caryophyllene, caryophyllene oxide, catechinene, chlorogenic acid, cis-3-hexenol, cis-ocimene, citral A, citral B, citronellal, copaene, delta-cadinene, eugenyl acetate, gamma-cadinene, geranial, geraniol, geranyl acetate, germacrene D, isogeranial, linalool, luteolin-7-glucoside, methylheptenone, neral, nerol, octyl benzoate, oleanolic acid, pomolic acid, protocatechuic acid, rhamnazine, rosmarinic acid, rosmarinin acid, stachyose, succinic acid, thymol, trans-ocimene and ursolic acid. Lemon balm flowers may contain traces of harmine.

Sources:

Nascimento, Gislene G. F.; Locatelli, Juliana; Freitas, Paulo C.; Silva, Giuliana L. (2000). “Antibacterial activity of plant extracts and phytochemicals on antibiotic-resistant bacteria“. Brazilian Journal of Microbiology 31 (4): 247–56.

Dastmalchi, K; Damiendorman, H; Oinonen, P; Darwis, Y; Laakso, I; Hiltunen, R (2008). “Chemical composition and in vitro antioxidative activity of a lemon balm (Melissa officinalis L.) extract“. LWT – Food Science and Technology 41 (3): 391–400.

Lemon balm | University of Maryland Medical Center”. Retrieved 24 December 2013.
Melissa officinalis | Featured Extracts“. Retrieved 24 December 2013.
Natalie Harrington (2012). “Harmala Alkaloids as Bee Signaling Chemicals“. Journal of Student Research 1 (1): 23–32.

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