This distinct tree species is related to both the plum and apricot trees. Although generally referred to as a plum in English, it is more closely related to the apricot. The fruit of the tree is used in Chinese, Japanese and Korean cooking in juices, as a flavoring for alcohol, as a pickle and in sauces. It is also used in traditional medicine.
Used topically for skincare, it’s an antioxidant skin conditioner. Suppliers of prunus mume extracts maintain that this ingredient refines pores, moisturises, softens skin, and improves moisture-retaining capacity.
Prunus Mume as an antibacterial
Prunus mume may have antibacterial properties, but I was unable to find a study relating to its use on skin. A recent study has indicated that Prunus mume extract is a potential candidate for developing an oral antimicrobial agent to control or prevent dental diseases associated with several oral pathogenic bacteria.
Modern pharmacological actions of Chinese plums decoction
1) It is proved with inhibition on a variety of pathogenic bacteria and skin fungi in vitro;
4) In vitro it inhibits roundworms;
5) It antagonizes milk-induced allergic reaction and histamine shock. But it is with no antagonism to histamine-induced asthma;
6) It can enhance immune function.
Chemical Constituents of Prunus Mume
The fruit of the prunus mume contains citric acid, malic acid, oxalic acid, succinic acid, and fumaric acid. The total acids, mainly the first two, account for about 4% to 5.5%. And it still contains 5-hydroxymethyl-2-furaldehyde, which is colorless oil and basically composed of volatile components like terpinen-4-ol 3.97%, benzyl alcohol 3.97%, and hexadecanoic acid 4.55 %. The seeds contain amygdalin. And another report also says that it contains picric acid and superoxide dismutase (SOD).
Seneviratne, CJ; Wong, RW; Hägg, U; Chen, Y; Herath, TD; Samaranayake, PL; Kao, R (July 2011). “Prunus mume extract exhibits antimicrobial activity against pathogenic oral bacteria.”. International journal of paediatric dentistry / the British Paedodontic Society [and] the International Association of Dentistry for Children 21 (4): 299–305