Aqua (Water/Eau)*, Propylene Glycol1, Glycerin3, Ammonium Acryloylmethyltaurate/VP Copolymer, Escin, Phenoxyethaonol, Glycosaminoglycans4, Chlorphenesin, Ginkgo12 Biloba Leaf5 Extract, Coco-Glucoside, Fragrance7 (Parfum), Caprylyl Glycol9, Sodium Hydroxide, Alcohol, Sodium Citrate, Sodium Benzoate, Carnosine10, Disodium Adenosine11 Triphosphate, Potassium Sorbate, Citric Acid8, Glaucine6, Laminaria Digitata Extract2, Blue 1 (CI 42090).
* Cellular Water.
|Ingredient||What it does|
|1propylene glycol||solvent; humectant; gives a product "slip"; helps "carry" other ingredients into the skin; also enhances the efficacy of preservatives|
|2Laminaria Digitata Extract||skin protectant|
|3Glycerin||A humectant moisturizer; usually used as a base in (light) moisturizers|
|4glycosaminoglycans||class of moisturizing ingredients, some with wound healing abilities|
|5Ginkgo Biloba Leaf||moisturizing|
|7fragrance||Fragrance in skin care is like spraying perfume on your face. Smells nice, but potentially irritating and damaging to your skin's acid mantle. Especially if these ingredients are high up on the ingredient list.|
|8citric acid||mainly used as a cleaning agent & preservative; pH adjuster; in higher concentration it's an AHA (in peels & antiaging products)|
|9caprylyl glycol||An alcohol, derived from a plant which is used as an emollient and coconut derived preservative.|
|12ginkgo||antioxidant with some anti-bacterial & anti-fungal effects; can reduce inflammation; no proven effects on cellulite|