Aqua (Water/Eau)*, Caprylic/Capric Triglyceride11, Ethylhexyl Palmitate8, Dimethicone, Methylsilanol Mannuronate3, Propanediol, Glycerin6, Sodium Polyacrylate, Methylpropanediol4, Escin, Pentylene Glycol2, Cyclopentasiloxane9, Trideceth-6, Pentaerythrityl Tetra-di-t-Butyl Hydroxyhydrocinnamate15, Coco-Glucoside, Propylene Glycol1, Peg/PPG/-18/18 Dimethicone, Caprylyl Glycol12, Alcohol, Sodium Citrate, Carnosine13, Disodium Adenosine14 Triphsophate, Citric Acid10, Glaucine7, Laminaria Digitata Extract5.
* Cellular Water.
|Ingredient||What it does|
|1propylene glycol||solvent; humectant; gives a product "slip"; helps "carry" other ingredients into the skin; also enhances the efficacy of preservatives|
|2pentylene glycol||synthetic humectant moisturizer; also a solvent & anti-microbial preservative|
|3methylsilanol mannuronate||moisturizing seaweed derivative|
|4methylpropanediol||Hydrating glycol that functions as a solvent; enhances the penetration of other ingredients|
|5Laminaria Digitata Extract||skin protectant|
|6Glycerin||A humectant moisturizer; usually used as a base in (light) moisturizers|
|8Ethylhexyl Palmitate||emollient; solvent; fragrance|
|9Cyclopentasiloxane||Silicone; makes stuff easily spreadable; used as a conditioner, delivery agent, lubricant & solvent. Helps deliver other, heavier, silicones also in a product (like dimethicone)|
|10citric acid||mainly used as a cleaning agent & preservative; pH adjuster; in higher concentration it's an AHA (in peels & antiaging products)|
|11Caprylic/Capric Triglyceride||Coconut derived emollient moisturizer, sometimes used as a thickener. Rich in fatty acids that replenish skin; has a silky, dry oil feel|
|12caprylyl glycol||An alcohol, derived from a plant which is used as an emollient and coconut derived preservative.|
|15Pentaerythrityl Tetra-Di-T-Butyl Hydroxyhydrocinnamate||antioxidant (research says it's unlikely to penetrate skin), it's used as a stabilizer in skincare formulas so the product doesn't break down when exposed to sunlight.|