Aqua (Water/Eau)*, Propylene Glycol4, Peg-12 Dimethicone6, Sodium Citrate, Sodium Chloride3, Zinc Gluconate1, Citric Acid8, Salicylic Acid2, Propolis11 Extract5, Carnosine9, Disodium Adenosine10 Triphosphate, Laminaria Digitata Extract7, Methylparaben, Propylparaben.
* Cellular Water.
|Ingredient||What it does|
|1zinc gluconate||Proven to treat inflammatory acne; also preventative. Reduces the production of Squalane, a component of human sebum.|
|2salicylic acid||induces exfoliation in oily areas of skin; oil-soluble so can penetrate pores to exfoliate inside; prevents clogged pores; mildly anti-inflammatory; higher concentrations help fade post-acne marks|
|3sodium chloride||salt; used in exfoliators or as a thickener/stabilizer in a formula|
|4propylene glycol||solvent; humectant; gives a product "slip"; helps "carry" other ingredients into the skin; also enhances the efficacy of preservatives|
|7Laminaria Digitata Extract||skin protectant|
|8citric acid||mainly used as a cleaning agent & preservative; pH adjuster; in higher concentration it's an AHA (in peels & antiaging products)|
|11propolis||proven antibacterial, wound healing, antioxidant and anti-inflammatory abilities; the wax is skin conditioning. If you're allergic to honey, bee stings, poplar and conifers, balsam peru, or salicylates you *may* have an allergic reaction to propolis.|