Aqua (Water/Eau)*, Glycerin7, Fructooligosaccharides8, Chlorphensin, Rhamnose2, Disodium Edta10, Propylene Glycol3, Sodium Hyaluronate1, Dipotassium Glycyrrhizate, Carnosine11, Algae13 Extract, Disodium Adenosine14 Triiphosphate, Peumus Boldus Leaf Extract4, Pentylene Glycol5, Fucose9, 1-2 Hexanediol6, Caprylyl Glycol12, Xanthan Gum.
* Cellular Water.
|Ingredient||What it does|
|1sodium hyaluronate||A humectant moisturizer; proven to boost skin's moisture content, reduce inflammation, have cell-communicating abilitites & help prevent moisture loss|
|2Rhamnose||plant sugar that functions as a cell-communicating ingredient; no unbiased research found to back that up|
|3propylene glycol||solvent; humectant; gives a product "slip"; helps "carry" other ingredients into the skin; also enhances the efficacy of preservatives|
|4Peumus Boldus Leaf Extract||fragrance masking|
|5pentylene glycol||synthetic humectant moisturizer; also a solvent & anti-microbial preservative|
|6Hexanediol||a solvent to dissolve things in a formula|
|7Glycerin||A humectant moisturizer; usually used as a base in (light) moisturizers|
|10disodium EDTA||preservative & product stabilizer; helps the topical penetration of active ingredients; chelating agent|
|12caprylyl glycol||An alcohol, derived from a plant which is used as an emollient and coconut derived preservative.|
|13algae||marine compounds are emollient antioxidants; some claim to brighten skin; some are simply skin conditioners, known to be highly comedogenic, thickeners/emulsifiers in a product|