Aqua (Water/Eau)*, Glycerin5, Polysorbate 20, Fructooligosaccharides6, Carnosine9, Algae11 Extract, Disodium Adenosine12 Triphosphate, Peumus Boldus Leaf Extract2, Pentylene Glycol3, Sodium Citrate, Propylene Glycol1, Citric Acid8, Xanthan Gum, 1-2 Hexanediol4, Caprylyl Glycol10, Phenoxyethanol, Fragrance7 (Parfum).
* Cellular Water.
|Ingredient||What it does|
|1propylene glycol||solvent; humectant; gives a product "slip"; helps "carry" other ingredients into the skin; also enhances the efficacy of preservatives|
|2Peumus Boldus Leaf Extract||fragrance masking|
|3pentylene glycol||synthetic humectant moisturizer; also a solvent & anti-microbial preservative|
|4Hexanediol||a solvent to dissolve things in a formula|
|5Glycerin||A humectant moisturizer; usually used as a base in (light) moisturizers|
|7fragrance||Fragrance in skin care is like spraying perfume on your face. Smells nice, but potentially irritating and damaging to your skin's acid mantle. Especially if these ingredients are high up on the ingredient list.|
|8citric acid||mainly used as a cleaning agent & preservative; pH adjuster; in higher concentration it's an AHA (in peels & antiaging products)|
|10caprylyl glycol||An alcohol, derived from a plant which is used as an emollient and coconut derived preservative.|
|11algae||marine compounds are emollient antioxidants; some claim to brighten skin; some are simply skin conditioners, known to be highly comedogenic, thickeners/emulsifiers in a product|