Deionized water, aloe4 vera, carnosine3, MSM, glucosamine, ascorbyl palmitate1, alpha lipoic acid, green tea extract, d-alpha tocopherol2, retinyl palmitate, DMAE5, cellulose, essential oil of orange.
|1ascorbyl palmitate||A moisturizing vitamin C ester, fat/lipid soluble, antioxidant and preservative|
|2alpha tocopherol||Antioxidant emollient & occlusive moisturizer with proven effects: protects the epidermis from early stages of ultraviolet light damage; increases the efficacy of active sunscreen ingredients; reduces the formation of free radicals upon skin exposure to UVA rays and other sources of skin stress; reduces transepidermal water loss from skin and strengthens the skin's barrier function; protects the skin barrier's oil (lipid) balance during the cleansing process; reduces the severity of sunburn; preservative (if at the end of the list)|
|4aloe||emollient moisturizer with anti-inflammatory; antioxidant, & antibacterial qualities|
|5DMAE||Said to be skin firming; moderately anti-inflammatory; scientific studies on this ingredient show conflicting info|