Aqua, Rosa Damascena2 Flower, Glycerin7, Centaurea Cyanus Flower Water, Citrus Aurantium Amara (Bitter Orange) Water, Hamamelis6 Virginiana (Witch Hazel3) Flower, Polyaminopropyl Biguanide, Sodium Hydroxide, Ppg-26 Buteth-26, Peg-40 Hydrogenated Castor Oil1, Lactic Acid4, Parfum, Citric Acid5, Sodium Benzoate, Potassium Benzoate.
|1hydrogenated castor oil||used as an oily base ingredient; with PEG it's a non-ionic surfactant and is used as a solubilizer for essential oils.|
|2Rosa damascena||Rose extract was found to inhibit the growth of P. acnes bacteria with respective minimum inhibitory concentrations of 2, 0.5, and 1 mg/ml, in one in vitro study.|
|3witch hazel||fragrant astringent; antioxidant & anti-irritant properties (some forms can be irritating, click to read why)|
|4lactic acid||the most moisturizing of AHAs; whitening astringent; exfoliant|
|5citric acid||mainly used as a cleaning agent & preservative; pH adjuster; in higher concentration it's an AHA (in peels & antiaging products)|
|6Hamamelis||fragrant astringent; antioxidant & anti-irritant properties (some forms can be irritating, click to read why)|
|7Glycerin||A humectant moisturizer; usually used as a base in (light) moisturizers|