Step 1: Aqua/Water/Eau, Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate, Glycerin5, Octoxynol-12, Acer Saccharum13 (Maple Isolate / Isolat D’érable), Alcool Denat., Bisabolol10, Zinc PCA1, Aloe14 Barbadensis Leaf Juice Powder11, Disodium EDTA7, Methylisothiazolinone3, Phenoxyethanol, Caprylyl Glycol8, Sorbic Acid.
Step 2: Aqua/Water/Eau, Alcool Denat., Glycolic Acid6, Lactic Acid4, Butylene Glycol9, Ethoxydiglycol, Sodium Hydroxide, Acer Saccharum (Maple Isolate / Isolat D’érable), Salicylic Acid2, Glycerin, Beta-Glucan, Allantoin12, Sodium Lactate, Camellia Sinensis Leaf Extract, Peppermint Oil, Zinc PCA, Phenoxyethanol.
|Ingredient||What it does|
|1Zinc PCA||moisturizing; reduces excess oil; may have anti-aging benefits|
|2salicylic acid||induces exfoliation in oily areas of skin; oil-soluble so can penetrate pores to exfoliate inside; prevents clogged pores; mildly anti-inflammatory; higher concentrations help fade post-acne marks|
|4lactic acid||the most moisturizing of AHAs; whitening astringent; exfoliant|
|5Glycerin||A humectant moisturizer; usually used as a base in (light) moisturizers|
|6glycolic acid||Proven to reduce fine lines & wrinkles; hyperpigmentation; smooths, exfoliates & thickens skin; increases skin hydration & elasticity; good melasma treatment|
|7disodium EDTA||preservative & product stabilizer; helps the topical penetration of active ingredients; chelating agent|
|8caprylyl glycol||An alcohol, derived from a plant which is used as an emollient and coconut derived preservative.|
|9butylene glycol||solvent; penetration enhancer; humectant moisturizer; in cleansing creams it dissolves dirt, avoids the product from drying too quickly during the removal stage & helps formulas spread better|
|10bisabolol||anti-irritant; reduces dry & damaged skin flaking; restores suppleness; also a fragrance. It also increases the skin penetration of other cosmetic ingredients.|
|11Aloe Barbadensis Leaf Juice Powder||moisturizing|
|12allantoin||considered an effective anti-irritant; an occlusive that temporarily helps protect from chapped skin or windburn damage; softens skin & exfoliates; also a preservative|
|13ACER SACCHARUM||moisturizing properties, not the same as glycolic or lactic acids nor does it exfoliate skin|
|14aloe||emollient moisturizer with anti-inflammatory; antioxidant, & antibacterial qualities|