1. ↑ cleansing/lathering OR emulsifying agents ( Polysorbate 85 ) depending on the product, this ingredient cleanses; emulsifies; lathers; makes products foamy/creamy & spread better
2. ↑ Isononyl Isononanoate. Isononyl Isononanoate is used in skincare and cosmetics as a/an antistatic, emollient moisturizing ingredient.
3. ↑ mineral Oil. An oil with occlusive properties (baby oil), paraffin, by itself, is a waxy petroleum-based thickener
4. ↑ Vitamin C ( Tetrahexyldecyl Ascorbate ) an antioxidant proven to give you photoprotection by preventing oxidation & inflammation; boosts collagen production; can lighten hyperpigmentation if the concentration is high enough; also used as pH adjuster/buffering agent; fragrance ingredient