Extract that has anti-inflammatory properties (Source: Healthnotes Review of Complementary and Integrative Medicine, www.healthwell.com/healthnotes/Herb/). In addition, licorice root contains constituents that work to interrupt the stimulation of an enzyme that activates melanin production, so this part of the plant can be effective for improving dark spots and hyperpigmentation (Source: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, February 2003, pages 1,201-1,207).
Glycyrrhetic acid is an extract from licorice that has anti-inflammatory properties (Sources: American Journal of Respiratory and Cellular Molecular Biology, November 1998, pages 836–841; and Planta Medica, August 1996, pages 326–328).
Ammonium Salt extract that helps to form gels and stabilize emulsions. It is also used to soothe skin irritations and to regulate the pH levels. Used in cold creams, lotions, and moisturizers. Also used as a flavoring ingredient.
Main ingredient in licorice extract. It has anti-inflammatory properties. There is research showing it to be effective in reducing skin discolorations (Source: Pigment Cell Research, December 1998, pages 355–361).