1. ↑ hyaluronic acid ( Sodium Hyaluronate ) A humectant moisturizer; proven to boost skin's moisture content, reduce inflammation, have cell-communicating abilitites & help prevent moisture loss
3. ↑ Bioflavonoids. Bioflavonoids is used in skincare and cosmetics as a/an moisturizing, soothing ingredient.
4. ↑ Vitamin C ( L-Ascorbic Acid,Ascorbic Acid ) an antioxidant proven to give you photoprotection by preventing oxidation & inflammation; boosts collagen production; can lighten hyperpigmentation if the concentration is high enough; also used as pH adjuster/buffering agent; fragrance ingredient