1. ↑ green tea – polyphenols ( Camellia Sinensis ) proven antioxidant, anti-inflammatory; can prevent collagen breakdown & reduce UV damage to skin. It is generally accepted that 5% green tea extract or polyphenols in the 90% range is an effective concentration in skincare products to produce these effects.
2. ↑ ginkgo biloba extract ( Ginkgo ) antioxidant with some anti-bacterial & anti-fungal effects; can reduce inflammation; no proven effects on cellulite
5. ↑ Vitamin C ( L-Ascorbic Acid ) an antioxidant proven to give you photoprotection by preventing oxidation & inflammation; boosts collagen production; can lighten hyperpigmentation if the concentration is high enough; also used as pH adjuster/buffering agent; fragrance ingredient
7. ↑ alcohols ( , Alcohol, ) antiseptic solvent; dissolves oil; can be irritating & drying; sometimes used as a preservative