Grapeseed Oil, Black Currant Oil (High Concentration Of Gamma Linolenic Acid), Alpha Lipoic Acid, Vitamin C (Ascorbyl Palmitate), Vitamin E (A-Tocopherol), Lavender Essential Oil, Rosemary Extract
2. ↑ Black Currant. Black currant extract and oil is an antioxidant, antibacterial and anti-inflammatory ingredient
3. ↑ Linolenic Acid. helps improve many skin concerns, including eczema, psoriasis, acne, and non-melanoma skin cancers; can help repair skin’s barrier function and reduce pro-inflammatory substances that would otherwise cause damage. It is believed to communicate with cells that comprise skin’s immune system, as evidenced by research showing that topical linolenic (and similar) fatty acids improve wound healing
4. ↑ thioctic acid ( Alpha Lipoic Acid ) antioxidant with possible anti-inflammatory effects; only test tube studies found to prove this, however; vulnerable to degrading in sunlight so beware clear packaging!