2. ↑ Disodium EDTA. preservative & product stabilizer; helps the topical penetration of active ingredients; chelating agent
3. ↑ preservatives ( Methylparabe ) Used as a preservative or enhances the efficacy of preservatives
4. ↑ Carbomer. Carbomer is used in skincare and cosmetics as a/an emulsion stabilizing, gelling, viscosity controlling ingredient.