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G.M. COLLIN A.G.E. Total Defence dupes

Water[38]/Eau, Arachidyl Alcohol[22], Behenyl Alcohol[22], Arachidyl Glucoside[3], Glycerin[42], Sodium PCA[32], Urea[46], Trehalose[35], Polyquaternium-[17]51, Sodium Hyaluronate[20], Butylene Glycol[18], Carbomer[39], Polysorbate-20[27], Palmitoyl Pentapeptide-4[7], Cyclopentasiloxane[12], Cyclohexasiloxane[43], Hydrolyzed Rice Protein[28], Linum Usitatissimum (Linseed) Seed Oil[25] (Omeaga 3, 6, 9), Tri C12-13 Alkyl Citrate, Aqua[38]lane (Vegetal), Dipropylene Glycol[13], Betula Alba Bark Extract[8], Scrophularia Nodasa Extract, Shea Butter[29], PEG-40 Hydrogenated Castor Oil[5], Ethylhexylglycerin[23], Dimethicone[40], Sodium Acrylate/Sodium Acryloyldimethyl Taurate Copolymer[1], Isohexadecane[4], Polysorbate 80[4], Ubiquinone[30], Dipalmitoyl Hydroxyproline[6], Cyclomethicone[40], Dimethiconol[26], PEG-100 Stearate[15], Glyceryl Stearate[11], Fragrance[36]/Parfum[36], Soybean (Glycine[44] Soya), C12-15 Alkyl Benzoate, Tribehenin[33], Ceramide 2[31], PEG-10 Rapeseed Sterol[10], Palmitoyl Oligopeptide[9], Dextrin[45], Castanea Sati[16]va (Chestnut)[21] Leaf Extract, Xanthan Gum[41], Disodium EDTA[24], L-Carnosine[34], Triethanolamine[19], Tetradibutyl Pentaerithrityl Hydroxyhydrocinnamate[23], Ethylbisiminomethylguaiacol Manganese Chloride[2], Nordihydroguaiaretic Acid[14], Potassium Ascorbyl Tocopheryl[37].

G.M. COLLIN  A.G.E. Total Defence Ingredients Review 

Ingredient Analysis
1. Sodium acrylate/acryloyldimethyl taurate copolymer ( Sodium Acrylate/Sodium Acryloyldimethyl Taurate Copolymer ) Anticaking agent; Emulsion Stabilizer; Opacifying agent; Surfactant; Hydrophilic Thickener
2. Ethylbisiminomethylguaiacol Manganese Chloride. In in vitro studies, it was proven to help reduce erythma and limit UV damage to skin.
3. Arachidyl Glucoside. Arachidyl Glucoside is used in skincare and cosmetics as a/an emulsifying, cleansing surfactant ingredient.
4. cleansing/lathering OR emulsifying agents ( Isohexadecane ) depending on the product, this ingredient cleanses; emulsifies; lathers; makes products foamy/creamy & spread better
5. PEG-40 Hydrogenated Castor Oil. Peg-40 Hydrogenated Castor Oil is used in skincare and cosmetics as a/an emulsifying, cleansing surfactant ingredient.
6. Dipalmitoyl Hydroxyproline. Dipalmitoyl Hydroxyproline is used in skincare and cosmetics as a/an antistatic, hair moisturizing, moisturizing ingredient.
7. Palmitoyl Pentapeptide-4. Palmitoyl pentapeptide is a fatty acid mixed with amino acids. The only research showing this has any significance for skin was carried out by the ingredient manufacturer, Sederma. Click to read more.
8. Betula Alba Bark Extract. Betula Alba Bark Extract is used in skincare and cosmetics as a/an flavouring or perfuming, that masks the scent of other ingredients in a formula aka masking, fragrance ingredient.
9. Palmitoyl Oligopeptide. synthetic fatty acid-linked peptide that can help repair visible skin damage and strengthen skin’s underlying supportive elements. Some research has shown that this peptide has similar anti-aging benefits to retinol, and you can use both together.
10. PEG-10 Rapeseed Sterol. Peg-10 Rapeseed Sterol is used in skincare and cosmetics as a/an cleansing, emulsifying, cleansing surfactant ingredient.
11. glyceryl stearate SE ( Glyceryl Stearate ) self-emulsifying emollient & thickening agent, the higher up an ingredient list it is, the thicker the formula
12. Cyclopentasiloxane. Silicone; makes stuff easily spreadable; used as a conditioner, delivery agent, lubricant & solvent. Helps deliver other, heavier, silicones also in a product (like dimethicone)
13. Dipropylene Glycol. Dipropylene Glycol is used in skincare and cosmetics as a/an that masks the scent of other ingredients in a formula aka masking, fragrance, solvent to dissolve things in a formula, viscosity controlling ingredient.
14. chaparral extract ( Nordihydroguaiaretic Acid ) Chaparral extract has antioxidant & antimicrobial properties, can also be used as a fragrance. Thought to reduce DHT levels and slow hair regrowth.
15. PEG-100 Stearate. a moisturizing emollient & emulsifier
16. curcuma zedoaria ( Sati ) anti-inflammatory & antioxidant properties, but can also irritate skin
17. Polyquaterniums ( Polyquaternium- ) Film former and anti-static agent; used in haircare products; some are humectant moisturizers
18. Butylene Glycol. solvent; penetration enhancer; humectant moisturizer; in cleansing creams it dissolves dirt, avoids the product from drying too quickly during the removal stage & helps formulas spread better
19. Triethanolamine. Triethanolamine is used in skincare and cosmetics as a/an pH buffering, emulsifying, that masks the scent of other ingredients in a formula aka masking, cleansing surfactant ingredient.
20. hyaluronic acid ( Sodium Hyaluronate ) A humectant moisturizer; proven to boost skin's moisture content, reduce inflammation, have cell-communicating abilitites & help prevent moisture loss
21. sweet chestnut ( (Chestnut) ) Research has shown that sweet chestnut offers antioxidant properties. One French study in 2005 examined sweet chestnut leaf’s ability to inhibit free radicals and found that its antioxidant potential was at least on a par with that of quercetin and Vitamin E.
22. fatty alcohols ( Arachidyl Alcohol ) coconut-derived emollient moisturizer, emulsifies & stabilizes emulsions; thickeners; carrying agents; slightly waxy texture
23. preservatives ( Ethylhexylglycerin ) Used as a preservative or enhances the efficacy of preservatives
24. Disodium EDTA. preservative & product stabilizer; helps the topical penetration of active ingredients; chelating agent
25. flaxseed oil ( Linum Usitatissimum (Linseed) Seed Oil ) soothing emollient moisturizer, but can cause an allergic reaction & may promote acne
26. Dimethiconol. Dimethiconol is used in skincare and cosmetics as a/an anti-foaming, emollient moisturizing, MOISTURISING ingredient.
27. polysorbates ( Polysorbate-20 ) general purpose hydrophilic, nonionic surfactant; helps other ingredients to dissolve in a solvent in which they would not normally dissolve. Polysorbates also help to form emulsions by reducing the surface tension of the substances to be emulsified.
28. rice extract ( Rice Protein ) hair & skin conditioner
29. Shea Butter. emollient & occlusive anti-inflammatory moisturizer; contains allantoin, phytosterols, fatty acids & vitamins A,D&E BUT may break out some people due to its richness
30. Ubiquinone. Ubiquinone is used in skincare and cosmetics as a/an antioxidant, moisturizing ingredient.
31. Ceramide 2. Ceramide 2 is used in skincare and cosmetics as a/an hair moisturizing, moisturizing ingredient.
32. Sodium PCA. Humectant moisturizer
33. Tribehenin. emollient occlusive agent
34. carnosine ( L-Carnosine ) anti-inflammatory antioxidant
35. Trehalose. Trehalose is used in skincare and cosmetics as a/an humectant moisturizing, MOISTURISING ingredient.
36. Fragrance. Fragrance in skin care is like spraying perfume on your face. Smells nice, but potentially irritating and damaging to your skin's acid mantle. Especially if these ingredients are high up on the ingredient list.
37. Vitamin E ( Tocopheryl ) Antioxidant emollient & occlusive moisturizer with proven effects: protects the epidermis from early stages of ultraviolet light damage; increases the efficacy of active sunscreen ingredients; reduces the formation of free radicals upon skin exposure to UVA rays and other sources of skin stress; reduces transepidermal water loss from skin and strengthens the skin's barrier function; protects the skin barrier's oil (lipid) balance during the cleansing process; reduces the severity of sunburn; preservative (if at the end of the list)
38. solvents ( Water ) solvent
39. Carbomer. Carbomer is used in skincare and cosmetics as a/an emulsion stabilizing, gelling, viscosity controlling ingredient.
40. methicone. Methicone is used in skincare and cosmetics as a/an antistatic, emollient moisturizing ingredient.
41. thickener ( Xanthan Gum ) thickens/stabilizes the product; generally, the more thickening agents used in formulating a cream, for example, may enhance its stability, but can also cause difficulty in spreading.
42. Glycerin. A humectant moisturizer; usually used as a base in (light) moisturizers
43. silicone ( Cyclohexasiloxane ) gives skin a nice "slip", film-formers; can "carry" other active ingredients; may clog pores for some (depending on the silicones properties); some are water-soluble, some not; anti-foaming; skin protectant
44. Glycine. Glycine is used in skincare and cosmetics as a/an antistatic, pH buffering, hair moisturizing, moisturizing ingredient.
45. Dextrin. Absorbent; Bulking agent; Binding agent; Hydrophilic Thickener
46. Urea. Humectant moisturizer; improves penetration of other ingredients; minimizes water loss; speeds up skin renewal; adjusts pH of a product. If you're in the UK and looking for urea products, check the ingredient list for "carbamide" instead. It's the same thing.

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