1. ↑ Ethoxydiglycol. Ethoxydiglycol is used in skincare and cosmetics as a/an humectant moisturizing, fragrance, solvent to dissolve things in a formula ingredient.
2. ↑ Propylene Glycol. solvent; humectant; gives a product “slip”; helps “carry” other ingredients into the skin; also enhances the efficacy of preservatives; controls viscosity
4. ↑ Vitamin C ( L-Ascorbic Acid ) an antioxidant proven to give you photoprotection by preventing oxidation & inflammation; boosts collagen production; can lighten hyperpigmentation if the concentration is high enough; also used as pH adjuster/buffering agent; fragrance ingredient