16% LCA Complex (15% Lactic Compound + 1% MFAS) pH.3.8.
(15% L-Lactic Compound + 1% MFAS)
Aqua, Lactic Acid4, Sodium Lactate, Glycerin5, C12-15 Alkyl Benzoate, Cetyl Ricinoleate, Sorbitan Stearate1, Sericin, Ceresin8, Glyceryl Stearate6, PEG-100 Stearate3, Magnesium Aluminum Silicate11, Phospholipids2, Tocopherol, Ascorbyl Palmitate10, Retinyl Palmitate, Beta-Carotene9, Caprylic/ Capric Triglyceride, Citrus Grandis Fruit Extract, Xanthan Gum, Disodium EDTA7, Phenoxyethanol, Ethylhexylglycerin.
|Ingredient||What it does|
|1Sorbitan Stearate||emulsifier, combines oil and water in the formula|
|3PEG-100 Stearate||a moisturizing emollient & emulsifier|
|4lactic acid||the most moisturizing of AHAs; whitening astringent; exfoliant|
|5Glycerin||A humectant moisturizer; usually used as a base in (light) moisturizers|
|6glyceryl stearate||self-emulsifying emollient & thickening agent, the higher up an ingredient list it is, the thicker the formula|
|7disodium EDTA||preservative & product stabilizer; helps the topical penetration of active ingredients; chelating agent|
|8ceresin||A hard paraffin wax used with or instead of beeswax. Thickens/stabilizes the product; generally, the more thickening agents used in formulating a cream, for example, may enhance its stability, but can also cause difficulty in spreading. This wax can aggravate some skin types.|
|9beta-carotene||coloring, antioxidant, and photoprotective properties; however this is dose dependent. If it's at the end of the ingredient list, it's just being used as an (orange) colorant|
|10ascorbyl palmitate||A moisturizing vitamin C ester, fat/lipid soluble, antioxidant and preservative|
|11Magnesium Aluminum Silicate||a natural mica used as an alternative to talc, as a binding agent; gives a smooth feel|